|Chris Hani District|
Area: 5,981 square kilometres
Major towns: Queenstown, Cradock, Middelburg, Elliot, Engcobo
The second largest of the six Eastern Cape districts, the Chris Hani District stretches across the centre of the province. It encompasses large commercial livestock farms. Queenstown lies at the centre of the District and is the main town.
It is named after ANC stalwart, Chris Hani who was a fierce opponent of the South African apartheid government. Hani was the leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).
The racial composition of the Chris Hani district is largely black (93%).
Xhosa is the main language.
The performance of the Chris Hani district has been satisfactory over the past decade or so, with an average annual growth rate from 2000 to 2010 of 3.0%.
The tertiary sector is the municipality's largest contributor to its economy, contributing 84.6%. This is followed by the secondary sector (13.1%) and the primary sector (2.4%).
Like the Cacadu District, the Chris Hani District relies on the agricultural sector with limited agro-processing industries. It has a high unemployment rate and has an urgent need for established social services and infrastructure.
The unemployment rate stands at 39.64% (2010).
A detailed study on this district is available here (link to study).