|OR Tambo District|
Area: 1,979 square kilometres
Population: 1,4 million
Major towns: Mthatha, Qunu, Mqanduli, Port St Johns, Qumbu, Lusikisiki, Bizana
Situated on the scenic Wild Coast, the OR Tambo District is home of largely Africans (99%).
The district is named after founding member of the ANC Youth League, Oliver Reginald Tambo who fought for equal rights during the apartheid era. After spending three decades in exile, Tambo returned to South Africa in 1991 and was elected national chairperson of the African National Congress.
The Nelson Mandela Museum, in Mthatha and Qunu, is home to the historical account of the struggle against apartheid and includes the life of Nelson Mandela who was born in the area.
The government is the chief employer in the economy, both in the formal and informal sectors.
The economy of the OR Tambo District Municipality is relatively small, contributing only 0.7% of the South African economy and 14.6% to the Eastern Cape economy. In 2010, the growth rate was 2.3%.
The tertiary sector is the largest contributor to the municipality's economy with a contribution of 72%. This is followed by the secondary sector (23.4%) and the primary sector (4.5%).
Agriculture also plays an important role in the district's economy, contributing 7.3% to the region's economy.
The district makes a 2% contribution to the South African economy’s agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
In 2010, its unemployment rate stood at 27.64%.
A detailed study on this district is available here (link to study).